Saxapahaw, NC

The Flower of Carolina


  • Product Info

    Dutchman’s Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)
    Fumitory Family

    Greyish-green, fern-like leaves emerge in February, followed by creamy white blooms in March. 2-6 pant-shaped flowers dangle upside down on a long stalk enticing early emerging long tongue bees. Bloom time is relatively short, but the foliage will remain attractive through the spring before slowly turning yellow and going dormant in the summer. This spring ephemeral can tolerate somewhat more average soils, but ideally would be in rich woodland soil. Will go dormant faster in sunnier, drier conditions.

    Blooms: White, 2-3 weeks, Mar-Apr
    Leaves: Grey-green, fern like leaves are very attractive–will turn yellow and go dormant in summer
    Height: 4-8”
    Space: 1-2’
    Soil: Average-Moist, well drained
    Exposure:  Shade-Part Shade
    Fauna: Mostly long tongue bees, seeds are ant distributed
    Seeds: Tapered capsules contain many shiny black seeds with elaiosomes
    Deer Resistance: High
    Zone: 3-7
    Native Status: NC native, common in the Mountains, uncommon in the Piedmont, rare in the Sandhills
    Provenance: NC & VA, asexually propagated